Environmental Health Blog
Thursday, June 10, 2004
New EHP Reports:

Two new Environmental Health Project reports are available on the EHP website.

Strategic Report 9:

Participatory Monitoring & Evaluation for Hygiene Improvement, Beyond the Toolbox: What else is required for effective PM&E? A Literature Review.

Prepared for EHP by Judi Aubel, May 2004.

This literature review examines existing methods and tools for monitoring hygiene improvement activities by communities for use in decision-making at the community level, and provides recommendations for improvement or development of community-focused tools for hygiene improvement activities. The review also analyzes the organizational constraints and challenges to institutionalizing PM&E and gives recommendations to support institutionalization of PM&E in hygiene improvement programs.
Download this report at: http://www.ehproject.org/PDF/Strategic_papers/SR-9%20Lit%20Rev.pdf

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Joint Publication 8:

The Hygiene Improvement Framework: A Comprehensive Approach for Preventing Childhood Diarrhea.

Prepared by EHP, UNICEF/WES, USAID, World Bank/WSP, and WSSCC, May 2004.

USAID collaborated with the UNICEF Water Environment and Sanitation (WES) program, the World Bank’s Water and Sanitation Program, and the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council on this report. The report reviews the burden of diarrhea, and makes a case for prevention of diarrhea through hygiene improvement to reduce diarrhea morbidity, which has remained relatively stable despite the decline in mortality in the past decades. The document presents the Hygiene Improvement Framework, a comprehensive approach to preventing diarrhea that addresses three elements: improving access to hardware; hygiene promotion; and supporting an enabling environment.
Download this report at: http://www.ehproject.org/PDF/Joint_Publications/JP008-HIF.pdf

View all EHP reports.

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Scholarships* for African Physicians

Impact Malaria is offering competitive scholarships to African doctors desiring to attend the Diploma of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene at the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom.

The competition is open to qualified African** physicians interested in getting involved in the fight against malaria, whether at the level of high quality patient care, clinical research or control activities. Applicants will normally be expected:

• to have a minimum of two years post-graduate clinical experience
• satisfy the requirements for attendance of the DTM&H course
• have obtained some postgraduate qualification (for example, successful pass of Part I Examination of one of the Royal Colleges or the country equivalent to such a degree)
• and/or be able to show evidence of research activity in the field of malaria (published paper would be an advantage)
Applications must be received by July 15, 2004.

Click here for details.

*The scholarship award will consist of: (i) DTM&H registrations fees (currently approx. £3,000/€4,500); (ii) economy travel from country of residence to Liverpool; and (iii) a living allowance of £870/€1,315 per month for the duration of the three-month course.

**Applicants must be resident nationals of one of the following malaria-endemic African countries: Angola, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, The Gambia, Uganda, Zambia or Zimbabwe.

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Recently Published:

A.P. Waters; C.J. Janse (Editors)
Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands
Malaria Parasites: Genomes and Molecular Biology
Caister Academic Press / Horizon Press
March 1, 2004
Hardcover: 500 pages
Dimensions (in inches): 1.50 x 9.25 x 6.25
Publisher: Intl Specialized Book Service Inc.
ISBN: 0954246462

The completion of the Plasmodium falciparum genome sequence in late 2002 hearlded a new era in malaria research. The search began in earnest for new drugs and vaccines to combat malaria, a disease which afflicts up to 500 million people worldwide and is responsible for the deaths of more than one million people each year. The new genomic data is aiding a greater understanding of the living parasite and it's interaction with the insect vector and human host.

In this book internationally renown experts provide up-to-date reviews of the most important aspects of post-genomic malaria research. Topics covered include: the P. falciparum genome and model parasites, bioinformatics and genome databases, microsatellite analysis, analysis of chromosome structure, cell cycle to RNA polymerase I and II mediated gene expression, role of the nuclear genome, the parasite surface and cell biology, and much more. (Publisher description)
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In the Journals:

Val Curtis; Robert Aunger; Tamer Rabie

Evidence That Disgust Evolved to Protect from Risk of Disease.

Biology Letters: May 07, 2004; 271(S4): 131-133.

Hygiene Centre, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Kepple Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK

Disgust is a powerful human emotion that has been little studied until recently. Current theories do not coherently explain the purpose of disgust, nor why a wide range of stimuli can provoke a similar emotional response. Over 40,000 individuals completed a web-based survey using photo stimuli. Images of objects holding a potential disease threat were reported as significantly more disgusting than similar images with little or no disease relevance. This pattern of response was found across all regions of the world. Females reported higher disgust sensitivity than males; there was a constant decline in disgust sensitivity over the life course; and the bodily fluids of strangers were found more disgusting than those of close relatives. These data provide evidence that the human disgust emotion may be an evolved response to objects in the environment that represent threats of infectious disease.
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Conferences and Meetings:

June 28-30, 2004
Infection and Immunity in children
Oxford University, UK.

July 10-13, 2004
Third International Conference on Global Health: Visions and Strategies
Washburn University, Topeka, KS, USA.

July 18th-23rd 2004
The IXth European Multicolloquium of Parasitology
Valencia, Spain.

October 6-10, 2004
International Conference on overcoming Health Disparities
Atlanta, GA, USA.

October 18-20, 2004
5th Immunization Registry Conference
Atlanta, GA, USA.

November 5 – 11, 2004
Society of Public Health Education Annual Meeting
Washington, DC, USA.

November 6- 10, 2004
American Public Health Association Annual Meeting
Washington, DC, USA.

February 14-18, 2005
2nd Africa Nutritional Epidemiology Conference
Vanderbijlpark, South Africa.

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